English Barn

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A form of barn frame that originated with English settlers to America. They are distinguished by their queen posts and purlin plates with wagon doors on the long sides and not the gable ends. They were built in New England and after the American Revolution, New England settlers heading westward took this form of barn building with them into New York and the Ohio Valley.

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Prior to the Revolution, they were approximately 24’ by 36’ and their size progressively grew with improvements in harvesting brought on by the Industrial Revolution. The sizes jumped to 30’ x 40’, then to 35’ x 50’ and up to 40’ by 60’, which was about the limit a beam could span. They began as four bent barns and could easily be expanded by adding more bents and bays to the ends.

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